Components Of Micro Pig Food

The food your pig consumes should contain the following components:

Protein and Amino Acids: This ingredient is necessary to produce muscle and growth. A pig fed too little protein can carry more body fat. Amino acids must be present in the diet so the body can properly use the protein. The protein found in corn and soybeans is superior to animal protein sources for the pig.


A pig must have at least 1 to 2 percent fat in its diet. Too much fat in the diet will cause an overweight pig. Too little fat in the diet will cause loss of hair, scaling skin, and an unthrifty pig. A pregnant and lactating sow needs a greater proportion of fat in her diet.


Many minerals are essential in a pig’s diet. Some interact with each other and are necessary in proper levels to prevent de­ficiencies. Calcium and phosphorus are two important minerals that work together and are important in the pig’s skeletal growth. Other necessary minerals are sodium chloride (salt), iodine, iron, copper, cobalt, manganese, po­tassium, magnesium, zinc, and selenium. Se­lenium, a necessary mineral in miniature swine, is discussed under “How to Feed,” page 000. Grass for grazing, hay, and crops growing in some areas west of the Mississippi are generally selenium-deficient.


Vitamins are required by swine in varying amounts according to age, activity, and use as breeding animals. Those vitamins are: vitamins A, B, (thiamin, riboflavin, nia­cin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, cyanoco-bocanine [B-12], biotin, folic acid), C (ascorbic acid), D, E, and K. Swine can syn­thesize vitamin C, so it rarely has to be added to their daily ration.